Towards Cleaner Air
Air pollution control costs are generally significantly lower than the costs of damage to health and the environment.
A new assessment report summarises current scientific knowledge on transboundary air pollution issues within the UNECE region and describes the effectiveness of air pollution measures in addressing large-scale effects on forests and lakes as well as in protecting human health and preventing other air pollution effects, such as loss in biodiversity and damage to crops, the built environment and cultural heritage.
Among the findings is that because transboundary sources often are major contributors to urban pollution, many European cities will be unable to meet WHO guideline levels for air pollutants through local action alone. Even national and Europewide action may not be enough in some cases.
Furthermore, air pollution control costs are generallym significantly lower than the costs of damage to health and the environment. In many countries the net impact of abatement measures on national income and employment will be neutral because production of the technologies required will also create employment.