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Altered DNA base excision repair profile in brain tissue and blood in Alzheimer’s disease

Vitenskapelig artikkel
Molecular Brain
Eksterne nettsted
Dorna Misaghian
Meryl Sønderby Lillenes, Alberto Rabano, Mari Støen, Tahira Riaz, Dorna Misaghian, Linda Møllersen, Qin Ying Esbensen, Clara-Cecilie Günther, Per Selnes, Vidar Stenset, Tormod Fladby, Tone Tonjum


Background: Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive, multifactorial neurodegenerative disorder that is the main cause of dementia globally. AD is associated with increased oxidative stress, resulting from imbalance in production and clearance of reactive oxygen species (ROS). ROS can damage DNA and other macromolecules, leading to genome instability and disrupted cellular functions. Base excision repair (BER) plays a major role in repairing oxidative DNA lesions. Here, we compared the expression of BER components APE1, OGG1, PARP1 and Polβ in blood and postmortem brain tissue from patients with AD, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and healthy controls (HC). Results: BER mRNA levels were correlated to clinical signs and cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers for AD. Notably, the expression of BER genes was higher in brain tissue than in blood samples. Polβ mRNA level was significantly higher in the cerebellum than in the other brain regions, more so in AD patients than in HC. Blood mRNA levels of OGG1 was low and PARP1 high in MCI and AD. Conclusions: These findings suggest that alteration in BER gene expression is an event preceding AD and reflect the oxidative stress-generating energy-consumption in the brain and the importance of BER in repairing these damage events. The results link DNA repair in brain and blood to the etiology of AD at the molecular level and can potentially serve in establishing novel biomarkers, particularly in the AD prodromal phase.